Ķ˴

ְҵԺУ˼νģʽо

ժҪ5ӿ3 ƹռҲƶ˽ѧģʽĴºͷչΪ˼ѧȫְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧУ ˼νĸ﹤˼ģʽĴǼΪҪġְҵԺУ˼ģۺ͸ְҵԺУ˲ŵıȻˣʱ˼ѧģʽĴ£˼ְҵԺУѧϰߺͽְԣѧϰ߽ʵУָʵӶ5ӿ3ѧ רҵ

5ӿ3ؼ ʱְҵԺУ˼Σģʽо

һ

ĿǰְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ ״ѧϰԣ˼ְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ ˵ǼΪҪġڴഺڵְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ Ľڿ5ӿ3ѧ ˼ά5ӿ3 5ӿ3ѧ ȷۣӶ5ӿ3ѧ Ӧʹ5ӿ3ѧ ܹ˼֪ʶָĹѧϰ5ӿ35ӿ3 5ӿ3ѧ õѧϰרҵܺרҵ֪ʶģְҵԺУ˼νģʽе⣬˼򵥵ķ֣̽һЩʵüֵĽ顣

ǰְҵԺУ˼νģʽ״

ڵᣬԽ5ӿ3ѧ һгˣ5ӿ3ѧ ˼άԾǿĺʱְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧУ 5ӿ3ѧ У󲿷5ӿ3ѧ ˼뽡ϣеĴѾʶרҵ֪ʶͼܵãѾѧϰרҵܵĺôҲѾҪЩܡְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ ˼άԾǿĽ׶ΣĻܵջ󣬳⡣ˣԺУ5ӿ3ѧ ˼ѧʮҪġĿǰְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ Լ˼Ų⣬˼ģʽҲŲ⡣ȣְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ ʶ㣬ԼţеԱְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ ѧϰɼ಻ãͨ5ӿ3ѧ ȽǾͻȽԱټϲּҳԼӵĹȽ٣𱸺ֺӣúӸоòӡЩְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ еҪʦͼҳĹעòʦͼҳĹעͻʮԱഺڵǾͻͨһЩƤ鲩ȡʦͼҳĹע5ӿ3ѧ ѧϰܵӰ죬Ҳ⣬ֱӵijЩ5ӿ3ѧ ;ΣְҵԺУǰ;оʮãЩѧ5ӿ3ѧ ְҵԺУУǰ;еʮãͨ5ӿ3ѧ ѧϰ5ӿ3ģʽʼѧϰְҵ5ӿ3 뼼ܣǸоʮֵIJӦǰ;Ҳһ֪⣬̴ܵ߸ĸʦĽʽʣҲʹ5ӿ3ѧ ѧѧϰû塣£5ӿ3ѧ ѧϰȻһǧɡ󣬾ְҵԺУʦ˼ѧģʽȽϴͳְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ ഺڣ˼άȽϻԾʹȽǿ֪ҲȽǿְҵԺУʦǵ˼νǵķչǰ;ҲDzġĿǰְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧУ У˼ģʽȽϴͳִͳģʽҲԸ5ӿ3ѧ Ǵһ֪ʶ5ӿ3 5ӿ3ѧ ˽еһЩںڴͳ˼νģʽ5ӿ3ѧ ѧϰкܴӰ죬ԽʦĽѧЧҲŲӰ졣⣬ͳģʽϢ5ӿ3 ٷչʱҲ5ӿ3ѧ ӹ죬ְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ ʵ˽нģʽĸĸְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧУ Լ5ӿ3ѧУ ʦ˵ΪҪġ

ǰְҵԺУ˼νģʽ

ڴݱ£5ӿ3 ķչҲƶ5ӿ3ҵ Ĵ¡ģʽͽѧʽ绯ѾΪĸơĿǰְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧУ У˼һЩ⣬ЩӰ쵽ְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧУ ˼ѧĿǰְҵԺУǽģʽ⣬ְҵԺУĽģʽҪ¼:һʽĽѧģʽڵǰ£ְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ Ȼͨ5ӿ3ѧ ѧϰĶһ𣬵ǺְܶҵԺУɲ÷ʽĽѧģʽ5ӿ3ѧ зʽĹϣԴ5ӿ3ѧ ѧϰЧʣ5ӿ3ѧ ѧϰֽѧģʽѾȫڵʱֽѧģʽ˽ʦĽѧʹְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ ĺĸǿңܵջʱ5ӿ3ѧ ײ淴˼𲻵ܺõáһȤĽѧ5ӿ3 ſƼչԼ5ӿ3 Ŀٷչѧ5ӿ3 ԽԽˣְҵԺУȴٽĽѧֶκͽѧ5ӿ3 õϡְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧУ ˼ϣĻϾɵĽѧ5ӿ3 ʦԹԵĽΣʽش֪ʶְҵԺУᷳȤʱ䳤ˣ5ӿ3ѧ ѧò5ӿ3ѧ ӦʦҲùʮȤ塣ȤĽѧ5ӿ3 ĥʦģʦĽѧҲӰ5ӿ3ѧ ѧϰѧĿǰְܶҵԺУʦĽѧʮ󣬽ѧѾȫӦʱķչʦ5ӿ3ѧ ĸܣΪ壬ǿ5ӿ3ѧ ֪ʶ⵽5ӿ3ѧ 񡣣ģѧݳ¾ɡѧݵij¾ְҵԺУ˼νѧеش⡣ѧݵûʱı仯ʵ5ӿ3Уǽѧݳ¾ɵ⡣ڵ˼νĹУӦ˼ص㡢ʱʵصĽѧݣŸӷʱ󣬲ְָҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ ǸõؽʵְҵԺУ˼νģʽмҪ⣬⼸Ӱ˼νĽУӰְҵԺУʦĽѧְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ ѧϰ˶ְҵԺУ˼νģʽиԼ£ʮбҪġ

ġǰְҵԺУ˼νģʽ5ӿ3

ĿǰְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧУ ˼ľģʽ󲿷ְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧУ ˼ѧ5ӿ3 ͳûʱϣѧͽѧݶûкܺõʱӹ졣ˣڴʱҪ5ӿ3 ʵʣְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧУ ĽģʽиȷְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧУ ĽһöýֶνнѧΪ˳Ӧʱķչ5ӿ3 ְҵԺУõѧϰ˼֪ʶõ˼νе֪ʶָԼʵͱԽѧģʽи˼ѧĿϣʦӦ÷Ľѧ5ӿ3 øӺʵĽѧ5ӿ3 5ӿ3ѧ нѧʦԲƵ5ӿ3Ƶ Լýӳ5ӿ3 5ӿ3ѧ нѧͬʱͨһЩ΢5ӿ3Ƶ еѵ㣬ٽ5ӿ3ѧ ˼֪ʶ⡣ͬʱʦӦù5ӿ3ѧ ѧϰ֪ʶʵã5ӿ3 5ӿ3ѧ õ֪ʶ˽֪ʶʽĽѧģʽڽѧģʽϣְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧУ ĽʦӦԿʽѧΪҪѧģʽΪ˴ٽְҵԺУѧ˼ķչְҵԺУӦ5ӿ3ѧ ʵ˽ʵ֪ʶ5ӿ3 5ӿ3ѧ ջ󣬴Ӷ5ӿ3 5ӿ3ѧ ʣȷۡ5ӿ3Ż ݣ½ְҵԺУ˼νϣҪһǸ½ʦĽʦϿʦĽѧʽѧϰӶٽʦĸ˷չΣҪ½ݣǿݵԺԣǿݵʵԣѡʱ5ӿ3ѧ ص˼ݣٽ5ӿ3ѧ ķչ5ӿ3 5ӿ3ѧ õӦ

ʱְҵԺУԼ˼ģʽĴ£˼ʱ֡һ棬ܺõӦʱʵʵķչִϢ5ӿ3 õѧУʹýѧȤһ棬ͨʱϢֻص㣬ýʦڽѧͬʱѧϰ5ӿ3 ԼרҵܣְҵԺУ˼֪ʶȤٽְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ ˼뷢չְҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧ ֪ˮƽְֻܱҵԺУ5ӿ3ѧУ ˼ӦʵġۺרҵΪһĸ˲š

οס

[1].ʱְҵԺУ˼νģʽ̽[J].ִϢ,2018(7):464.

[2]֥.ʱУ˼νģʽ̽[J].йУ,2018(30):70-71.

[3].5ӿ3 +ʱУ˼ģʽ̽[J].5ӿ3 ũҵƼѧԺѧ,2018(2):105-106+109+129.

[4].dz̸ʱְҵԺУýѧٵսӦԲ[J].5ӿ3У԰ (Ķ),2018(1):74.

: λ:5ӿ3㽭 ʡ缼ʦѧԺ

5ӿ3 5ӿ3վ йȨĹԱ5ӿ3Ż վ-Ա֮Ҵ7ķչ5ӿ3Ա Ļ,ѳΪȫ5ӿ3Ա (95.45ӿ3Ա )ࡢڱõĹԱճվѺ˵5ӿ3Ż վȨý5ӿ3Ƽ ٵҵֵվ5ӿ3 λܹ5ӿ3Ա

Ա֮5ӿ3vip 5ӿ3Ա ֲ

ڹԱ֮Է£ʱºʹԵĸ£5ӿ3 5ӿ3 ӷѧϰ˽⹫д5ӿ3 5ӿ35ӿ3 Ըһͬȡи׷׿Խ

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